Some illustrate actions that reliably saved lives-heeding natural warnings, abandoning belongings, and going promptly to high ground and staying there until the tsunami is really over.
Others describe taking refuge in buildings or trees or floating on debris-tactics that had mixed results and can be recommended only as desperate acts.
Tsunami waves can become more than 30 feet high as they come into shore and can rush miles inland across low-lying areas.
The lens- and photography-based records of the measured panel exhibited higher agreement with each other than the conventional, lens-based, record against the different master chronologies.
Dendrochronological cross-dating against the master chronology showed that the rings of the panel represent the period 1413–1620.
Palmira Estrada, a nurse who survived the 1960 tsunami in Maullín, Chile, talks with interviewer Marco Cisternas in 1989.
Behind them stands a hospital that was evacuated during the tsunami.
The waters of the tsunami washed against the building.
Most of the events described in this book were caused by a series of waves widely known as the “1960 Chilean tsunami.” The tsunami was a result of the largest earthquake ever measured (magnitude 9.5).
Actions that saved lives, and actions that cost lives, as recounted by eyewitnesses to the tsunami from the largest earthquake ever measured—the magnitude 9.5 earthquake in Chile on May 22, 1960.
In interviews several decades later, people in Chile, Hawaii, and Japan recall the tsunami Their accounts contain lessons on tsunami survival: This report contains true stories that illustrate how to survive-and how not to survive-a tsunami.
Such “subduction zones” are formed where two of the tectonic plates that make up the Earth’s outer shell meet.
Earthquakes occur when the fault ruptures, suddenly releasing built-up energy.
From Chile the tsunami radiated outward, killing 61 people in Hawaii and 122 in Japan.